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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

3 edition of The incidence of family poverty on Canadian Indian reserves found in the catalog.

The incidence of family poverty on Canadian Indian reserves

Peter R. Oberle

The incidence of family poverty on Canadian Indian reserves

by Peter R. Oberle

  • 48 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada in [Ottawa?] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Indians of North America -- Canada -- Economic conditions.,
  • Indians of North America -- Canada -- Reservations.,
  • Poverty -- Canada

  • Edition Notes

    StatementPeter R. Oberle.
    ContributionsCanada. Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 17 p. :
    Number of Pages17
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15548871M
    ISBN 100662204352
    OCLC/WorldCa32390614

    In Canada, Status First Nations persons—those listed in the country’s Indian Register—are significantly more likely than the average Canadian to meet an untimely death. Indigenous children in Canada are more than twice as likely to live in poverty than non-aboriginal kids, according to new findings released Tuesday by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

    One in nine Canadian children, more than a million, live below the poverty line according to the Report Card on Child and Family Poverty in Canada. Although this should be a concern every day, it is especially a concern on Nov. 20, National Child Day and the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of a Child (UNCRC).   Statistics Canada conducts the annual Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) to collect health-related data from January to December of each year, surveying individuals over the age of 12 in all provinces and territories, excluding those residing on Indian Reserves, institutions, remote regions, and full-time members of the Canadian Forces.

    Canadian aboriginal reserves, system of reserves that serve as physical and spiritual homelands for many of the First Nations (Indian) peoples of Canada. In some , people lived on reserves in Canada, of which , claimed some form of aboriginal identity. Reserves are governed by the. reserve Aboriginal children live in poverty ∙boriginal people living in A urban areas are more than twice as likely to live in poverty than non-Aboriginal people. In for example, % of urban Aboriginal people lived below the poverty line compared with % of Canada’s non-Aboriginal urban residents ∙ates of poverty for.


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The incidence of family poverty on Canadian Indian reserves by Peter R. Oberle Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. The incidence of family poverty on Canadian Indian reserves. [Peter R Oberle; Canada.

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Quantitative Analysis and Socio-Demographic Research.] -- This paper develops some basic statistics to reflect the incidence of poverty among Indian families living in reserve communities in Canada, using Statistics Canada's Low Income Cutoffs. Poverty rates are highest for First Nations kids on reserves in Manitoba at 76 per cent and Saskatchewan at 69 per cent, according to a new study by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

On-reserve child-poverty rates in Quebec, for instance, were the lowest in the country inlargely as a result of agreements with First Nations governments to share revenues from natural.

And that’s “merely” the national average: the child poverty for status First Nation children on reserves in Manitoba is 76%, and 69% in Saskatchewan. The solution isn’t to simply relocate First Nations to cities (where, incidentally, poverty rates are still.

Four out of every five Aboriginal reserves have median incomes that fall below the poverty line, according to income data from the census that provides insight into the depth of poverty. 6 Report - Family Poverty in Canada Th e two other signifi cant family groupings: two-parent and single-parent families reveal markedly diff erent trajectories for low income.

Lone-parent families have traditionally had the highest rates of poverty among Canadian families, and. Of these, the poverty rate for children in couple families was % compared to % in female lone parent families.

The number of children living in poverty in Canada peaked in at 1 million, representing 15% of the population. Children in lone-parent families remain more vulnerable to poverty. For example, an individual living in a family with disposable income of $15, and a poverty line of $20, would have a poverty gap of $5, In percentage terms, the "gap ratio" would be 25%.

The average gap ratio for a given population is the average of these values as calculated for each person. A family in the First Nations community of Pikangikum in northwestern Ontario. Overcrowding is a major problem on many reserves, where housing is in short supply and living conditions often.

TACKLING POVERTY IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES IN CANADA 1 A recent report from the Canadian Medical Association on the social determinants of health rates poverty as the most important factor (CMA, ).

2 The terms ‘Indigenous’ and ‘Aboriginal’ are used interchangeably throughout this paper to refer inclusively to the original inhabitants of. Biography: Poverty is a severe social problem among many First Nations. According to the Census, the average individual income of the total population was $29, but only $19, for an individual of Aboriginal ancestry, and a staggering $14, for an Aboriginal living on reserve (Mendelson, ).

The Osoyoos Indian Reserve, in British Columbia's southern Okanagan, spans s acres. The second striking thing about the Osoyoos Indian Band is that it’s not poor. After all, the policies that will help Canadians may differ based on whether their exposure to poverty is temporary or persistent.

Thankfully, less than two per cent of the Canadian population experiences low income persistently year after year—and this percentage has fallen over time.

But this percentage, while small, still translates into a. Canadian Journal of Economics, vol. 36, no For further analysis of Finnie and Sweetman’s findings see Taylor, P.S.

() Family poverty in Canada: raising incomes and strengthening families. Canadian Family Views. Ottawa: Institute of Marriage and Family Canada. End First Nations poverty by ditching Indian Act, lobby group says.

The Canadian Press Published Tuesday, "For the sake of kids living in poverty on too many reserves. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations.

Aboriginal Population Profile, Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. WOMEN AND POVERTY IN CANADA In a well-off country like Canada, it’s hard to believe that poverty exists.

But one in 10 Canadians are poor, and million women in Canada live on a low income. Certain groups of women are more likely to be poor than others, and many systemic barriers stand in the way of their financial stability. The Canadian Fact Book on Poverty: The preliminary estimates 50 per cent absolute approach average Canadian family average family income basic necessities Canada poverty lines Canadian Council Canadian family income CCSD lines cent in l cent of average consumer price index contained in Statistics cost of living Council on Social.

ii / An Introduction to the State of Poverty in Canada available six year period ( to ), the percentage of Canadians in persistent low income ( percent) was considerably higher than it was in the most recent six-year period.

Statistics Canada research also shows that certain characteristics put. Under the Indian Act, a reserve is a tract of land set aside for the sole use of First Nations. Today, approximately 40% of First Nations people live on reserves, and the isolated location of some reserves has unfortunately contributed to the high unemployment rate among First Nations.

Of the Canadian provinces, 7 have action plans to combat poverty. Within these action plans, Ontario is the only province that targets child poverty. Ontario’s poverty action plan involves $ billion to explicitly reduce the number of children living in poverty by 25% over five years () 2.This is a list of Indian reserves in Canada which have over people, listed in order of population from data collected during the Census of Canada, unless otherwise cited from Aboriginal Affairs.

Approximately 40% of First Nations people live on federally recognized Indian reserves. Note: this list is incomplete in that many Indian Reserves are "Incompletely enumerated", meaning that.Poverty indicators among the First Nations The death rate among Aboriginal children is triple the death rate among non-Aboriginal children (Canada); Life expectancy is shorter by six to seven years (Quebec); Diabetes is two to three times more common (Quebec); The risks associated with experiencing, as of early childhood, situations of poverty, negligence.